James Foley

FILE – This May 27, 2011 file photo shows American journalist James Foley, of Rochester, N.H., in Boston. Journalists James Foley and Peter Theo Curtis all shared one thing in common when they were captured by Islamic militants in Syria, the title “freelance journalist.” The role of freelancers, who make a living by selling individual stories to multiple outlets, has expanded across conflict zones in recent years with the spread of technology and social media. While some are cautious and well-trained, others take major risks in hopes of getting a picture or story that no one else has, and thus is more valuable. And they often lack the institutional support staff writers receive if they get into trouble in a conflict zone. (AP Photo/Steven Senne, File)

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